轉載|在港移居及本地女性:億萬人起動,反抗奴役與剝削 亞洲移居人士聯盟(Asian Migrants Coordinating Body,AMCB)聲明(with eng version)

轉載自草根.行動.媒體

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(for eng pls scroll down)

在港的移民女性和本地婦女,以及世界各地的支持者聯合起來,參加2017年的億萬人起動革命(One Billion Rising Revolution),持續爭取及呼籲,停止以任何形式向女性施加暴力。

我們之間有不同組織的參與,包括本地婦女組織和來自菲律賓、印尼、泰國、尼泊爾和斯里蘭卡的女性移居人士組織。我們重申立場,誓將團結一致,終止針對婦女的任何形式的暴力。

億萬人起動革命自2012年開展,是歷史上為反對針對女性之暴力的最大型行動。全球平均每三名女性就有一位在人生中會蒙受毒打或強姦,億萬人起動革命,便是基於這個驚人現況而生的一場運動。現時全球人口達七億,意味著超過一億名婦女受害。

自此,逾200個國家的數百萬女女男男和兒童為億萬人起動革命而聚結發聲,要求社會在各方面就女性平等待遇作出根本的改變。

縱使我們為以往的勝利而自豪,但為著女性權益進步和解放的抗爭仍然漫長。在人生的每個階段和每個方面,婦女依然承受著歧視、孤立、污名化、生活匱乏、移徙、刑罪和剝削。

資本全球化為世界各地的人民和工人帶來苦難,也持續壓迫及剝削婦女。這些年間,這些年間,新自由主義下的資本經濟自由化、放鬆經貿管制和私有化政策已導致無數的經濟體、農業和工業受到摧毀,並導致貧窮和社會動盪蔓延。

面對種種危機,全球資本體系創造出形形式式的新計劃,為求自保而不惜犧牲自然環境和人民,包括女人和女孩們。數百萬人為著生計和生存,被逼離鄉別井。

香港僱用了35萬移民家務工,其中大多數是來自貧困國家的女性。與此同時,香港亦是向聯合國難民署申請庇護的難民的臨時居所。

可惜的是,香港政府仍不改其既有政策,使現代奴隸制和社會分隔得以延續。這些政策令移民家務工容易成為形形式式的虐待、剝削、歧視和人權侵犯的受害者。

移民家務工無止境地受著具歧視性政策的影響,例如被排拒於最低工資保障之外、強制與僱主同住、簽證歧視、無工時規管、被剝奪成為永久性居民的權利,以及無法自由選擇轉換家務工以外的職業。這些政策迫使移民家務工忍受差劣工作條件如低薪、長工時、不當或不足的膳食和缺乏適當休息空間,危害其健康與安全。

光是去年,便有6名移民家務工為僱主清潔窗戶時從高樓墮下而死。據知去年共有144位在港菲律賓及印尼人去世,死因主要是中風、高血壓和癌症。

由於移民家務工不清楚其法律權利,懼怕失去工作和被香港海關視作「跳工」而列入黑名單,令她們遭受性虐待、言語和肢體傷害時,往往不敢聲張。政府設立的管制,正是為了限制移民工在港的活動,使他們無法擺脫被當作奴隸使喚的狀況。

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即便是香港本地的勞動女性也無法倖免於剝削。香港以作為現代都市而自傲,然而眾多的本地女性仍然從事低收入或非正式工作。她們每天營營役役,只為追上香港日益攀升的生活成本,而社會上對女性的歧視和性剝削依然普遍,使她們的景況更為困苦。

為了令這個充滿剝削的制度能夠繼續運行,以及保障商業利益和資本家的利潤,移工和本地工人被置於敵對位置而相互仇視,務求瓦解工人之間的團結,並掩飾所有工人在寡頭富商和資本壟斷的制度下所面對的根本剝削。

為解放女性及制止制度性剝削,比以往更逼切地需要人民—移民和本地人、女人和男人—之間的團結和聯合。

我們必須善用每個機會,擴展不同界別群眾的認識和覺知。當人民的意識提升及有更廣的參與,女性的公義和平等待遇便將獲實踐。

讓我們透過億萬人起動革命,加強我們的合作、分享和共同協作。讓我們在3月的國際婦女日,以更團結的姿態,終止香港和世界上針對婦女的各種暴力。

相關影片:舞動!億萬起動性別平權

Migrants and Local Women in Hong Kong: Rise Against Slavery and Exploitation Statement of Asian [Migrants Coordinating Body (AMCB)

Migrant women, local women in Hong Kong, and supporters join communities in different parts of the world for the One Billion Rising Revolution 2017 that continues the call for an end to violence in all its forms — against women.

With various participating organizations of local women and women migrants from the Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, Nepal and Sri Lanka, we reaffirm our stand, forge our solidarity and vow to end all forms of slavery and exploitation against women and girls in the territory.

Launched in 2012, One Billion Rising is the biggest mass action to combat violence against women in human history. The campaign began as a call to action based on the staggering fact that one in three women on the planet will be beaten or raped during her lifetime. With the world’s population at seven billion, this adds up to more than one billion women and girls.

Since then, millions of women, men and children in over 200 countries gather for the OBR to raise their voices and demand fundamental change for women’s equality in all aspects of society.

While we also take pride in the victories we have gained in the past, the struggle to advance women’s rights and emancipation continues. In every stage and aspects of our life, women and girls continue to endure discrimination, isolation, stigmatization, deprivation, dislocation, criminalization, and exploitation.

Oppression and exploitation of women are perpetuated by capitalist globalization that causes the suffering of people and workers in the world. Through the years, neoliberal policies of liberalization, deregulation and privatization have destroyed many economies, devastated agriculture and industry, and caused widespread poverty and social unrest.

As it goes into multiple crises, the global capitalist system creates new schemes to salvage itself at the cost of the environment and people, including women and girls. Millions are displaced and forced to migrate for survival.

Hong Kong employs 350,000 migrant domestic workers (MDW) -majority of whom are women from poor countries — and is also a temporary home for asylum seekers with UNHCR card.

Unfortunately, Hong Kong government continues to uphold policies that perpetuate modern slavery and social exclusion. These make MDWs vulnerable to all forms of abuses, exploitations, discrimination and human rights violations.

MDWs are endlessly subjected to discriminatory policies such as exclusion from statutory minimum wage, mandatory live-in, visa discrimination, absence of working hours regulation, denial of right to be a permanent resident, and prohibiting MDWs from changing to other category of jobs. Such policies force MDWs to endure poor working condition including low wage, long hours of work, inadequate food, and lack of suitable sleeping space resulting to deterioration of their health and safety.

Last year alone, six MDWs fell to death while cleaning windows of their employer’s flat in high-rise buildings. It was reported that 144 Filipino and Indonesian died last year with majority suil‘ering from stroke, hypertension and cancer.

Cases of sexual, verbal and physical abuses among MDWs are mostly unreported due to their lack of awareness of their legal rights, fear of losing the job and now a possible blacklist by Hong Kong Immigration under the current “job-hopping investigation“ policy. Such control is created to restrict movement of migrants to make them remain as slave in the city.

Working women in Hong Kong are also not exempted from exploitation. While Hong Kong prides itself as a modern city, many working women in Hong Kong are still in low-paid jobs or are in the informal sector. Their daily struggle to survive the ever-increasing cost of living in Hong Kong is compounded by the fact that discrimination against women and sexual abuses still is common in the city.

To keep such an exploitative system in place, migrants and locals are pitted against each other in order to protect the interest of businesses and ensure their steady profit making and taking. It aims to break the solidarity of the working people to blur the essential exploitation of all workers by a system ruled by capital, especially by monopolists.

Unity and solidarity among people, migrants and local, women and men is more than ever urgent to be forged to stop the systematic exploitation and ensure emancipation of women.

We must use every opportunity to expand understanding and consciousness among people from various sectors. With the growing awareness and broader participation, hope for justice and equality for women will be realized.

Through One Billion Rising Revolution, let us strengthen our collaboration, sharing and working together. Let us look forward to the International Women‘s Day in March with stronger solidarity in Hong Kong and in world to end violence in all its forms against women and girls.

related video: one billion rising for gender equality

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