在港印尼移工網絡於國際勞動婦女節第107週年之聲明

轉自:草根‧行動‧媒體

承認移民家務工的地位、提供法律保障
停止所有形式的剝削、改善工作條件
成立投訴機制、合理補償超收中介費的受害者
停止現代奴隸制
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在港印尼移工網絡——一個由移民工人組織及成員家庭組成的聯盟——希望和各地婦女移民工慶祝(三月八日)國際婦女節。移民家務工是移民工當中最多的一群,是家庭、社區和國家的英雄。但只因為我們是女人、是家務工,我們一直被貶低、歧視和拋棄。在這個歷史性的日子,我們再一次呼籲印尼政府立即承認移民家務工的工人地位,並提供法律保障以維護移民工的人權。
工作條件損害健康
由於在外工作,我們受困於勞工輸入國的條例,必須與僱主同住。這裡也沒有任何條例規管工時、訂立合理住宿和食物營養的標準。於是,移民家務工往往成為苛刻工作條件、強制勞動、言語/身體/性暴力的受害者。移民家務工每天大致工作12-16小時並且24小時聽命。雖然香港規定家務工有每星期一天連續24小時的假日,我們當中很多都被逼在假日工作甚至不被允許放假。
大多數移民家務工都生活在沒有隱私的環境裡,許多人睡在客廳、廚房、浴室、天台或房子以外的房間,沒有足夠的床墊或被子。冬天沒有暖氣,夏天也沒有風扇或空調。
沒有食物規管,僱主可以任意給予我們任何食物。一兩塊麵包作早餐、午餐和晚餐吃即食麵和剩飯剩菜都是很平常的事。被迫花費薪水去買食物的移民家務工不是少數,儘管我們的薪水並不足以追上飆升的物價,無論是在世界各地或是印尼。缺乏休息、劣質睡眠、沒有營養的食物、工作及家庭壓力令我們的健康持續受損。移民家務工很容易生病,患上嚴重的疾病(高血壓、中風、腎或其他器官的功能衰退、癌症、爆血管、抑鬱症),甚至死亡。
現代奴隸制之鏈
印尼政府在2017年尾通過了保障印尼移民工草案,但移民家務工仍然不能自由簽訂工作合約,繼續被迫找印尼的私人人力資源公司。正是這個捆綁,將移民家務工困在債務和強制勞動之中。
移民家務工被收取比勞工條例規定高2-3倍的職業介紹費;若沒有結束兩年合約,則被禁止轉換私人公司和中介。即便有生物特徵辨識系統,移工的護照資料仍被(公司)篡改,重要的文件被扣押,也沒有提供工作國家的資訊(如氣候、習俗、語言和法律)。移工被關押、暴力對待,情況甚至更差。以上種種奴隸制度的結果,都是由印尼政府自己導致的。
施暴和販賣人口的案例不斷增加,影響著像Adelina, Yulfrida, Erwiana和其他受害者。這正是因為印尼政府不肯承認家務工是工人,不為我們提供法律保障以符合聯合國保障所有移民工及其家庭權益的國際條約。在港印尼移工網絡作此總結:實際上,在移工議題上,「國家仍舊缺席。」
因此,我們重申以下訴求:
一、根除現代奴隸制度,令移民家務工自由選擇工作合約,無需通過私人公司和中介。
二、消除債務負擔,為超收中介費的受害者成立申訴和補償機制(依照法例減去超收的部分)。
三、透過以下措施提高海外就業服務:
a) 為個人資料遭篡改的移工派發護照,讓她們能夠返回家鄉,不必以通行證/臨時護照來遣返;
b) 成立24小時投訴機制;
c) 停止將申訴的移工轉介回中介公司或僱主。
四、與移工接收國簽訂有約束力的協定,規管移民家務工的權益,包括假日及休息權。
五、停止販賣人口,打擊販賣者,並保障受害者及其家人的權益。
六、向香港政府爭取改善移民家務工的工作條件,以確保工作安全:
a) 加薪至每月5500港幣;
b) 訂立標準工時或休息時間
c) 制定合理住宿標準的政策,禁止非人道的居住環境(如浴室、櫥櫃、廚房、沙發等)
d) 協商規管食物質素的政策
在國家無法保障合理就業來緩解貧窮問題之時,政府應該主動保障移民工的福利。同時,我們也應提高移工群體的意識,團結一致以確保我們的訴求得以實現。
在貪婪的資本家於全球自由市場中謀取暴利、而人們的生活卻持續劣化之時,我們工人的權益只會繼續被侵害。作為女性工人群體的一部分,我們唯有繼續爭取下去。
Statement of The Network of Indonesian Migrant Workers (Jaringan Buruh Migran Indonesia, JBMI)
On the 107th Anniversary of International Women Workers’ Day
MAKE RECOGNITION & LEGAL PROTECTION FOR MIGRANT DOMESTIC WORKERS
STOP ALL FORMS OF EXPLOITATION & IMPROVED WORKING CONDITIONS
CREATE A COMPLAINT MECHANISM & COMPENSENTAE (OVERCHARING) DAMAGES FAIRLY
END MODERN SLAVERY SYSTEM
JBMI, a network of oversees migrant worker organizations and members of their families, wishes to commemorate International Women’s Day (March 8) to all women migrant workers in any places.
Migrant Domestic Workers are the largest sector of migrant workers, heroes for families, countries and communities. But we continue to be degraded, discriminated against and abandoned only because we are women and domestic workers. On the anniversary of this historic day, we would like to again call upon the Indonesian government to immediately realize the recognition and legal protection for the human rights of migrant domestic workers as workers.
Working Conditions and Impaired Health Status
Chelsea Cheung, [06.03.18 17:42]
Working aboard, we are all bound by the regulations of placement countries that require us to live in the same house with the employer (live-in). In addition, there are no rules that limit working hours, set the standards of decent beds and nutritious food. As a result, migrant domestic workers are often victims of poor working conditions, forced labor and verbal, physical and sexual abuse.
Migrant domestic workers generally work for 12-16 hours a day and stand by for 24 hours. Although Hong Kong guarantees a 24-hour holiday once a week, many are forced to work even forbidden to have holidays.
The majority have no privacy and many are put to sleep in the living room, kitchen, bathroom, terrace or room outside the house, without adequate mattresses and blankets. No heating machine during winter and fan or air conditioner during summer.
The absence of rules on food often makes employers arbitrary in granting food. Breakfast with 1 to 2 pieces of bread, lunch and dinner with instant noodles or leftover food is common. Migrant domestic workers being forced to spend their salary to buy their own food are not just a few, even though the salary is actually insufficient to meet the prices of needs that continue to soar overseas and in Indonesia.
Lack of rest, unqualified sleep, less nutritious food, high stress levels due to work pressures and family needs lead to continuing decline of health conditions. Migrant domestic workers are easily ill, exposed to severe illness (high blood pressure, stroke, kidney failure or other organs, cancer, broken blood vessels, major depression) and died of diseases.
The Chain of Modern Slavery System
The Indonesian government has just passed the Indonesian Migrant Workers Protection Act (UU-PPMI) by the end of 2017. However, migrant domestic workers are still not allowed to choose independent contracts and are still being forced into Private Indonesian Manpower Supplier Company (PPTKIS). It is this chain that traps migrant domestic workers in a system of debt enslavement and forced labor.
Migrant domestic workers are charged 2-3 times more expensive placement fees than that specified in Regulation of the Minister of Labor, banned from changing PPTKIS and agents if they have not finished 2-year contracts, the passport data is falsified despite the presence of biometric systems, important documents retained, no information (season, customs, language, law) about the country of placement provided, subject to captivity, violence and more. All the effects of the modern system of slavery are implemented by the Indonesian government itself.
The rise of cases of violence and human trafficking affecting migrant domestic workers such as Adelina, Yulfrida, Erwiana and other victims is precisely because of the Indonesian government’s refusal to recognize domestic workers as workers and create legal protections that guarantee rights in accordance with the UN International Convention on the Protection of Migrant Workers and Members of His Family. JBMI concludes that in fact “the state is not yet present" for migrant domestic workers.
Therefore, we restate our demands as follows:
1. Eradicate modern slavery systems by freeing migrant domestic workers from private sector company (PJTKI) and Agencies and enforce independent contracts without discrimination
2. Eliminate debt enslavement by creating a fair grievance and redress mechanism for overcharging victims (deduct the amount which exceeds that specified in legal provisions)
3. Improve employment services abroad by:
a) granting authorization of passports to the victims of data forgery so that they could return to home country and not to depot the victims by “Travel Document in Lieu of a Passport” (SPIP)
b) creating a 24-hour complaint system
c) not directing migrant workers who complain to return to the agent / employer
4. Create binding agreements with placement countries that regulate migrant domestic workers’ rights including holiday and rest rights.
5. Stop the practice of Human Trafficking, crack down on abusers and guarantee the rights of victims and their families.
6. To fight for improvement of working conditions of migrant domestic workers with the Hong Kong government to ensure the safety and security of work:
a) Increase in salary to HK $ 5500 per month
b) Determination of standard work hours or rests
c) Establishment of policies governing acceptable accommodation standards and prohibiting inhuman accommodation (bathrooms, cabinets, kitchens, sofas, etc.)
d) Preparation of policies that regulate food standards
In the midst of the failure of the state to guarantee decent employment in the country and to alleviate people from poverty, the state should play an active role in ensuring the welfare of migrant workers. Still, we recognize the need for awareness, unity and solidarity of the migrant workers themselves to ensure that demands are met.
In the midst of people’s lives that continue to deteriorate as a result of the greed of global capitalists pursuing profits through a system of free market globalization, our rights as workers will continue to be coped. As a part of the community of working women, we have no choice but to keep fighting.
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